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Nguồn: http://quizlet.com/834459

おかげで [おかげで] = thanks to


くらい [くらい] = about, as


最中に [さいちゅうに] = right in the middle of


て以来 [ていらい] = since; ever since; from here on


に反して [にはんして] = against, contrary to


くせに [くせに] = although, despite


にもかかわらず [にもかかわらず] = despite; though; although; in spite of


結果 [けっか] = as a result of


にとって [にとって] = to; for


上で [うえで] = upon, after


のもとで [のもとで] = based on, under


につき [につき] = a, per, each


に限って [にかぎって] = of all the ...

especially 
only 
just


に過ぎない [にすぎない] = nothing more than


はもとより [はもとより] = to begin with ... and also ...


から~にかけて [から~にかけて] = from ... until


のみならず [のみならず] = not only, but also...


一方だ [いっぽうだ] = increasing tendency


きり [] = just, only


に加えて [にくわえて] = in addition to


だけのことはある [だけのことはある] = is surely because ~; not surprising that ~; It was worth ~


ないことには [ないことには] = if (it's) not; unless


~ことか [~ことか] = a lot


ことだから [ことだから] = as always


事無く [ことなく] = without


だけ [だけ] = 1) just, only, simply, merely; 2) as much as X wants

like

can (whatever, anything)


~こそ [~こそ] = this, especially (emphasis),very


~際 [~さい] = when


~しかない [~しかない] = no alternative, no option but to...


~次第で [~しだいで] = depending on


まいか [まいか] = will not [expresses a little uncertainty]


にきまっている [にきまっている] = (It's been) decided; expected; definitely


かと思うと [かとおもうと] = as soon as I noticed, almost immediately


としたら、とすれば、とすると [としたら、とすれば、とすると] = if one did; if one were to


ばかりか [ばかりか] = not just, but also


~ほど [~ほど] = the more... the more... as along with


向き [むき] = for, facing, toward, aimed at


ぬく [ぬく] = completely; until the end


~ものなら [~ものなら] = if .. is possible, then...


~ようがない [~ようがない] = no way to


て形からでないと; て形からでなければ [てからでないと; てからでなければ] = If I don't ~, I can't ~; I can't ~ unless I ~.


てならない [てならない] = Cannot help -ing; Unbearably; Irresistibly


~ことに 「は」 [~ことに 「は」] = Very; Quite; The ~ thing is that....


きり [きり ] = just, for good, once and for all (keeps on same state)


ほかない [ほかない] = nothing else to do but...


からといって [からといって] = just because


抜き [ぬき] = without


うちに [うちに] = before ... (something bad happens); while ... still (being OK), while (state still continue) and before the state is finished


ことはない [ことはない] = no need to


~ものがある [~ものがある] = there is such a thing (essence), feels like


~につき [~につき] = due to


~にしたら [~にしたら] = if (one had) ~'s perspective


~さえ~ば [~さえ~ば] = If ~ just If ~ only


に限らず [にかぎらず] = not just, limited to


気が付いた [きがついた] = I realized


通じて [つうじて] = through, by


~んです [~んです] = explain causes, reasons, grounds


かえって [かえって] = on the contrary


というもの [というもの] = that thing called


~としても [~としても] = even if; assuming


といっても [といっても] = but


た形ところ [たところ] = just as I'd, right at the moment when I'd


にかけては, にかけても [にかけては, にかけても] = regarding, about, concerning


にとっての [にとっての] = to; for


もので [もので] = because of (that thing)


一方 [いっぽう] = on the other hand, on the other side, one-way


一方では [いっぽうでは] = on the one hand . . . [can also mean "on the other hand"]


に相違ない [にそういない] = definitely; without a doubt


~まい [~まい] = won't (do something)


~まい [~まい] = probably won't


も~ば [も~ば] = Both(,,,,)and(,,,,,)


にする [にする] = to make.


有りえる [ありえる] = To be possible, to be conceivable


まいか [まいか] = won't you?


~まい [~まい] = Don't do ~


あまり + 動詞(否定形) [あまり~ない] = not very, not much


得る [える] = to get, to win, to be possible


ありうる [ありうる] = to be possible, to be likely


~につけ [~につけ] = each time, whenever, either way


ものだ [ものだ] = (thing) you know? isn't it?


せんがため [せんがため] = In order to do


あればこそ [あればこそ] = particularly thanks to


かのごとく [かのごとく] = as if


丸で [まるで] = as if, practically


からして [からして] = (1)Even; (2)Given, (Judging) From

By


に当たって; に当たり [にあたって; にあたり] = on the occasion of; at; in; before; prior to


に際して [にさいして] = when; on the occasion of; at (the time of); in; upon (doing something)


~時 [~とき] = when


と共に [とともに] = as well as; with; along with; at the same time; when; as; while


とは限らない [とはかぎらない] = not always, not necessarily


にわたって [にわたって] = over; span(ning)


に対して [にたいして] = toward; to; in contrast to; whereas; in regard to; in; per


前に [まえに] = before [action]


に於いて [において] = at

on

in this case


みせる [みせる] = am determined to


ないではいられない [ないではいられない] = cannot help but, cannot stop doing


みせる [みせる] = to show


なりに [なりに] = in one's own way, one's own style


て初めて [てはじめて] = not until, only after


てしょうがない; てたまらない [てしょうがない; てたまらない] = Can't help but ~; Extremely ~; Very ~


とする [とする] = assume, regard X as ~ , suppose


途端(に) [とたん(に)] = as soon as, the instant


わけではない [わけではない] = It does not (necessarily) mean that ~; I don't mean that ~; It is not (true) that ~; It is not the case that ~


にほかならない [にほかならない] = nothing but; merely; none other than


のに [のに] = in order to, to


のに [のに] = despite


からには [からには] = so long as, since


がする [がする] = to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)


については [については] = As for ~ concerning ~


恐れがある [おそれがある] = worry about, there is a possibility, there is fear that


~だ [~だ] = The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y.


~の [~の] = 's, of


~も [~も] = also


下さい [ください] = please


これ、それ、あれ [これ、それ、あれ] = this, that and the other.


として [として] = as; in the capacity of


~る 所 です でした [~る ところ です

でした] =


I am about to

I was about to


居る [いる] = Is (animate)


~・ [00.03] = Basic Grammar Terms


~て [~て] = ([verb]-te, connects two sentences)


~・ [~・] = Introduction to Verb Conjugation


からすると [からすると] = from, you can judge, based on


[in progress] [~・] = Ichidan verbs


ということだ [ということだ] = it must mean, it boils down to


必ずしも [かならずしも] = not necessarily


かと思うと [かとおもうと] = When I think it may


~も [~も] = (with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either


いくら [いくら] = how much


~で [~で] = by means of, by, [action] at a place


~に [~に] = (location marker, time marker, direction marker)


~ね [~ね] = isn't it?


~何 [なに] = What


~御 [ご、お] = (honorific) respected-___


ものですから [ものですから] = because


みたい [みたい] = looks like


~風 [ふう] = Style


~な [~な] = (particle used by na-adjectives)


なる [なる] = Used much like the な of na-adjectives - somewhat archaic.


~の [~の] = Turn a phrase ending in a verb into a 'noun phrase'


たび、たびに [たび、たびに] = each time, every time, whenever


に伴って [にともなって] = as; in proportion to; with


にする [にする] = To decide on, to choose


可能性 [かのうせい] = Existence of possibility


なあ、な~、な [なあ、な~、な] = (Adds emphasis - sentence ending particle)


なさい [なさい] = Please ____ (request form)


~に [~に] = to, from (indirect object marker)


~は [~は] = 'ha (wa)' used to indicate contrast


そう [そう] = I hear that


がたい [がたい] = Vm, ~ difficult to


~げ [~げ] = Ab, seems (~そう)


気味 [ぎみ] = Vm、N slight tendency toward, seems like


以上 [いじょう] = Vru, since; now that; once; as long as


かねない [かねない] = Vm, capable of (a bad thing)


以上 [いじょう] = exceeding, above


~上 [じょう] = point of view


上で [じょうで] = N, On


べきだ [べきだ] = V, ought to, must


っこない [っこない] = Vpm, impossible to


そう [そう] = Vm, Looks like


になる [になる] = To become


~か [~か] = whether, the question of (sub sentence question)


どうして [どうして] = why?, what for?


がり [がり] = Vm, tend to, sensitive to


ものだ [ものだ] = a thing that, the thing


つつ [つつ] = Vm, -ing


~な [~な] = Vru, (negative command - sentence ending particle)


ながら [ながら] = Vm, despite while, although


だらけ [だらけ] = covered with; littered with; infested with


~かい [~ かい] = ? (for casual questions)


~だい [~だい] = ? (for casual questions)


たとえ [たとえ-ても] = even if


しまう [しまう] = Vte, (Definitely, completely [often to ones regret] do V)


まで [まで] = till, to


~ては [~て は] = Vte, (te-form verb + contrastative ha wa)


少し [すこし] = a bit...


けれども [けれども] = but, however


~が [~が] = but


でも [でも] = but


しかし [しかし] = However, but


からすると [からすると] = from (the point of view)


たら [たら] = if, when (verb form)


条件形 [えば] = if


である [である] = To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])


する [する] = to do (irregular verb)


~の [~の] = ? (sentence ending particle - question) [F]


じゅう/ちゅう [じゅう/ちゅう] = throughout, through, during all


ないことは(も)ない [ないことは(も)ない] = it isn't the case that ~ not ~; it is not that ~ not ~


~かな [~かな] = I wonder.. (Based on か question particle.)


ずもがな(=無くもがな ) [ずもがな] = Vn, As well not to ~


~よ [~よ] = ! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)


~は [~は] = 'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')


~が [~が] = (subject marker)


が欲しい [がほしい] = N, to want something (desirative)


たい [たい] = Vm, wanting to do ___


ように言う [ようにいう] = V, To say to (do something)


ように~て [ように~て] = V, asking someone to ask someone else to do something (indirect order)


ようにする [ようにする] = V, try to


~を [~を] = 'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的


~を [~を] = area passed through (通過点)


~を [~を] = (marks point of departure) 出発点


を込めて [をこめて] = [Verb Phrase] with all your [Noun Phrase]


~か [~か] = ? (basic question particle)


~わ [~わ] = (adds emphasis) [female]


つつある [つつある] = Vm, middle of doing...、continues to


~へ [~へ] = indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'


べき [べき] = should do Vru


なら [なら] = if


~訳 [わけ] = meaning; reason; circumstances


~ている [~ている] = Vte (Continuing states, experience, repetative events)

doing currently


~てある [~てある] = Vte something has been purposely put into a state


方が [ほうが] = (often it'd be better to do __) Such-and-such an option is something


より [より] = more ____


より [より] = than, rather than


意向形ではないか [~ようではないか] = why don't we


~な [~な] = Vm na (positive command - sentence ending particle)


ことになっている [ことになっている] = became a rule; been decided that; expected to; supposed to


精一杯 [せいいっぱい] = as hard as possible


続ける [つづける] = keep on doing ...


かけた [かけた] = started but not finished


に基づいて [にもとづいて] = based (up)on


かどうかのうちに [かどうかのうちに] = just at the time when


ざるをえない [ざるをえない] = can't avoid doing x


~末に [~すえに] = in the end, result


という風に [というふうに] = in that way


てたまらない [てたまらない] = be dying to do something, to feel X strongly, can't help it...


ばかりに [ばかりに] = because (of a negative thing)


限り [かぎり] = as far as, as long as, until, unless


むしろ [むしろ] = rather


まさか [まさか] = incredible!


貰う [もらう] = have someone do something for you


せっかく [せっかく] = with effort


らしい [らしい] = seem, look like, apparently, I heard


だろう [だろう] = I guess, wonder, probably, isn't it?


切る [きる] = verb-totally


よう [よう] = appearance, looks, seems


ところで [ところで] = by the way


って [って] = ...said; no matter what


~はさておき [~はさておき] = leaving aside, aside from


合う [あう] = Vm, verb~together, mutually


儚い [はかない] = vain; hopeless


ところ [ところ] = place, time, occasion


をはじめ [をはじめ] = not only, but also starting with


かどうか [かどうか] = whether, if


わりに [わりに] = considering ..., for ...


きっかけに [きっかけに] = Since; Take the opportunity afforded by ~ to ~


どころではない、どころではなく [どころではない、どころではなく] = not at all; far from; anything but; out of the question


とにかく [とにかく] = in any case, anyway


ことに~ [ことに~] = I decided, it was decided, it is a rule


ことになる [ことになる] = To be decided, to be arranged


ついでに [ついでに] = while doing A, I had a chance to do B, since doing A anyway, do B


を契機に [をけいきに] = on the opportunity of


よう・そう・らしい・聞いた [よう・そう・らしい・聞いた] = looks like or seems like


ついでに・を契機に・をきっかけに [ついでに・をきっかけに] = while doing A, do B


かわる [かわる] = instead of

in place of


名詞が名詞に代わって [めいしがめいしにかわって] = use Nounに instead of Nounが


代わりに [かわりに] = to make up for, in exchange for


ある [ある] = is (inanimate)


~れる・~られる [~れる・~られる] = passive verb ending


せいぜい [せいぜい] = my utmost, at most


せめて [せめて] = at least, at most a small thing


さすが [さすが] = as expected, after all


ふと [ふと] = suddenly, by coincidence


つい [つい] = without thinking, despite myself


うっかり [うっかり] = carelessly, without thinking


かんじ [かんじ] = Writing system based on ancient chinese pictographs


にとって・として・の上で・からいうと・から見ると [にとって・として・の上で・からいうと・から見ると] = from the point of view, based on


わりに・にしては・向きに [わりに・にしては・向きに] = for


ように・とおりに・を中心に・に沿って・をもとにして [ように・とおりに・を中心に・に沿って・をもとにして] = as, along with, like


に即して [にそくして] = in line with, in keeping with


というより [というより] = rather, more than


果たして [はたして] = really, as was expected


によって・次第で・いかんで [によって・次第で・いかんで] = depending on, according to


を問わず・にかかわらず・もかまわず [を問わず・にかかわらず・もかまわず] = ignoring, leaving aside


だけあって [だけあって] = because, as expected (used for positive things)


だけに [だけに] = as expected, after all


における・おいて [における・おいて] = at, in, as for


はともかく [はともかく] = leaving A aside, A is good, but B is another thing


に従って; に従い [にしたがって; にしたがい] = following; in accordance with; as ~, accordingly; in proportion to


によると [によると] = according to


に応じて、に応じた [におうじて] = commensurate with, accordance with, depending on


によって [によって] = depending on


条件形~ほど [ば~ほど] = the more +V(+A), the more ...


挙げ句 [あげく] = in the end, afterall


に相当する [にそうとうする] = equivalent


かろうじて [かろうじて] = barely


か~ないかのうちに [か~ないかのうちに] = just as, at that instant


こんな [こんな] = such; this; like this; such.....as this; of this kind


~にしても [~にしても] = even for


どうやら [どうやら] = it seems, apparently, somehow


どうも [どうも] = apparently, naturally


かかわらず [かかわらず] = Regardless of


いかん [いかん] = based on


ように [ように] = became


メールを初めて [] = ways to start a business email


契約について [] = relating contracts, modifications


メールの内容について [] = regarding this email


時間に関して [] = schedule, dates, deadlines


交渉 [] = getting the right terms


相談 [~・] = Making requests (~ください、~ちょうだい、~なさい、command form)


自己紹介 [] = self introduction


結語 [] = closing an email


色々 [いろいろ] = other stuff


納入や出荷遅延の苦情 [] = sorry its late!


謝罪 [はい] = sorry!


友達について [] = all you need is...


挨拶 [] = casual intros


終わる [] = closing a social email


招待 [] = casual invitation to party


本について [] = I like to read


昼飯 [] =


おめでとう! [] = well done!


コーヒー [] = I like mine black


結果 [] =


仕様 [] = we want 10 of the red ones


お礼 [] = thanks for your help


注文 [] = thanks for your order


カタログ [] = here is our catalog


お問い合わせ [] = making and responding to inquiries


紹介した際 [] = introducing your company


仕事について [] = I wear a uniform at work


略語 [] = ROTFLMAO


添付 [] = I'm attaching the presentation


納品 [] = sending the goods


いかに~ても [いかに~ても] = no matter how


一度~たら [いちど~たら] = once


今さら~たところで [いまさら~たところで] = it's already too late


いかにも [いかにも] = seems (but is not); indeed


今から思えば [いまからおもえば] = Looking back on it now


これ以上~ば [これいじょう~ば] = if ~ any more than this


どんな [どんな] = Whatever; whoever, etc.


いかなる~でも [いかなる~でも] = whatever ~


敬語 [けいご] = basic keigo


招待 [招待] = please join us


たり する form [V stem+たり] = doing things like V+ing


なるべく [なるべく] = as much, fast~ as possible


質問 [質問] = put your questions in this category!


やっぱり(やはり) [やっぱり(やはり)] = As I thought; after all


~をものともせずに [~をものともせずに] = In the face of, in defiance of


も~ば~も [も~ば~も] = not only, but also


よもや [よもや] = surely not


気がする [きがする] = to feel, realize


[] = days of the month


くらい~はない [くらい~はない] = A is the most B thing. There is not a more B thing than A is.


て形くる [~てくる] = Vte go, do something, and return


~為 [ため] = In order to, because of, for


うちに [うちに] = while; during; as


を聞いた [をきいた] = I heard


致します [いたします] = do (humble)


頂く [いただく] = to receive (polite)


致す [いたす] = to do (humble)


と言うと [というと] = when you talk of, speaking of, when you say


feedback [feedback] = feedback


から [から・ので・] = because


~筈 [はず] = it should be so


上は [うえは] = since when


ところに、ところへ、ところを [ところに、ところへ、ところを] = (Just) when


~ものだから [~ものだから] = so, therefore (explaining something unavoidable)


~もかまわず [~もかまわず] = dont mind, dont care about


リンク集 [リンク集] = Related cool sites


今ごろになって ~も [いまごろになって ~も] = it's already too late


展示会 [展示会] = an exhibition of software


がる [がる] = Ab ~seems (of somebody else's emotions & desires)


~ず [~ず] = Without (doing)


どうせ [どうせ] = after all; eventually; at best


~ものの [~ものの] = although


読み始めた [はじめた] = started to


~もん [~もん] = Used to reply dissatisfaction in very casual speech


に応えて [にこたえて] = in response to


[] =


せる・させる [せる・させる] = make, let (someone do something)


しか [しか] = but, only


なし [なし] = without


会社紹介 [] = we are #1 in our field


頂きます [いただきます] = to receive


かけだ・かけの・かける [かけだ・かけの・かける] = in the middle of; not yet finished V-ing


くらいなら~~ほうがいい [くらいなら~~ほうがいい] = Show a strong feeling of opposition.


としては [としては] = for


あっての [あっての] = Thanks to (various things), (outcome)


極まりない 極まる [きわまりない

きわまる] = 


unlimited, extremely, boundlessly


から [から] = because


ので [ので] = because, and


[] = feedback on the flash quiz


得る [うる] = able to do


そのとき [際して・時] = at the time


いかんによらず [いかんによらず] = without regard to


にしろ; にせよ [にしろ; にせよ] = Even though; Even if; Whether ~ or ~; Whether or not


~までもない [~までもない] = It's not necessary (to bother) to; do not have to;


がち [がち] = tend to


~が最後 [~がさいご] = Once someone starts something, the person can't stop it.


~べく [~べく] = For the purpose of; To ____, In order to


~だけの [~だけの] = As much as; As fast as; To the extent of.


~であれ [~であれ] = No matter what; Even if; No matter how


~だに [~だに] = Even; just


なので [なので] = since


によって [によって] = by; according to; due to; owing to; due to


まみれ (塗れ) [まにれ] = covered in st (名詞+に+まみれる); (名詞+まみれ)


にかかわる [にかかわる] = affects; relates to; a matter of


やまない [やまない] = not to stop


を問わず [をとわず] = regardles (of)


をもとにして [をもとにして] = based on


をもとに [をもとに] = on basis of


はもちろん [はもちろん] = not to mention; not only, but also;


はかどる [はかどる] = Make progress


がてら [がてら] = while doing something


兼ねる [かねる] = hesitate to, cannot, hard to do


ようではないか [ようではないか] = doesn't it seem ~ ?


ように [ように] = in order to


から [から] = from


からいうと [からいうと] = from the standpoint of


から見ると [からみると] = seen from the point of view


通り [とおり] = in that way


ことだ [ことだ] = should


かたわら [かたわら] = beside


かわりに [かわりに] = in place of; instead of


~っけ [~っけ] = ~?, like か


かたがた [かたがた] = at the same time, incidentally


ながらに [ながらに] =


なくして [なくして] = If it wasn't for...


ならでは [ならでは] = but, except, without, but for


に至って [に至って] = very; very much; greatly; extremely.


~にしては [~にしては] = even though (it is) ; for


~極まる [~きわまる] = Extremely; The height of...; Knows no bounds. Always has a negative meaning.


かわきりに [かわきりに] = beginning of, starting with


を中心に [をちゅうしんに] = center on, in the middle of


に至る [にいたる] = leads to, all the way to, as far as


たかだか [たかだか] = At most


上に [うえに] = moreover; what's more; additionally; not only


にもまして [にもまして] = above everything; more than before


~に比べて [~にくらべて] = compared to


~始める [~はじめる] = to begin

start VERB-ing


させる [させる] = make, let someone do something


や否や [やいなや] = just as soon as


さえ [さえ] = even; only; just


について [について] = regarding, about


をめぐって [をめぐって] = regarding


次第 [しだい] = as soon as; depending on


文法形 [文法形] = grammar types


あげる [あげる] = to do something for someone else


~など [~など] = and etc.


ばかりに [ばかりに] = as if to


~ずにはいられない [~ずにはいられない] = cannot help


かのようだ [かのようだ] = like, as if (metaphor)


なしに [なしに] = without


~ことから [~ことから] = because


ものか [ものか] = absolutely not...


にあって [にあって] = being in

due to

suited to


に あたらない [に あたらない] = no need to do st


~にかたくない [~にかたくない] = not hard to ...(名詞+にかたくない

Vる+にかたくない)


~にして [~にして] = only; because of that


~にたえる [~にたえる] = has value; it is worth doing


~にたえない [~にたえない] = cannot stand; cannot do; no value to


~に足る [~に足る] = is plenty; has value


にひきかえ [にひきかえ] = in contrast with; compared to


~の至り [~のいたり] = completely; utmost


~はおろか [~はおろか] = not to mention; of course A but also B; let alone B


~それまでだ [~それまでだ] = Conveys the idea that if something occurs, then a bad end is reached.


ひとり~だけでなく [ひとり~だけでなく] =


~べからず [~べからず] = must not


~べからざる [~べからざる] = must not; cannot


~まじき [~まじき] = not likely


会議 [] = setting up meeting times


~に沿って [~にそって] = go along with; in line with


どころか [どころか] = far from A, in fact B; not just; even


おく [おく] = to do it in advance OR to leave it in the current state expecting a later change


に先立って; に先立つ [にさきだって; にさきだつ] = before; preceeding; prior to


兼ねて [かねて] = combine with


きんじえない [きんじえない] = can't help feeling


につれて [につれて] = as; in proportion to; with


であろうと [であろうと] = No matter what; Even if; No matter how


~がはやいか [~がはやいか] = as soon as


~でなくてなんだろう [~でなくてなんだろう] = If thats not ... I don't know what is


~と [~と] = (on when) doing, if


の余り [のあまり] = because of too much


に依存 [にいぞん] = depending on, relying on


ながらも [ながらも] = even while, even though, as she was


だした [だした] = Began

Begun, Started


のみ [のみ] = only


[] =


邪魔する [] = hey, do you have a sec?


で・に・前 [] = time and place prepositions


フィードバック [フィードバック] = Please offer feedback on the new site (design, functionality, etc.)


五段動詞ー特例 [ごだんどうしーとくれい] = A list of -eru and -iru verbs that conjugate as Group 1


もしもし [もしもし] = hello(on the phone)


行き方 [いきかた] = how to get give directions


するべき・ほうが良い・しなければならない [するべき・ほうがよい・しなければならない] = you should


関係 [かんけい] = relationship, relation (between

to)


て形しまう [てしまう] = finished


そうすると [そうすると] = That means, If that's the case, etc


にくい [にくい] = Is diffcult to do


龍 = 竜 [りゅう]

dragon


Addressing People [¨ = A]

addressing yourself and others in conversation


~・ [~・] = Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese Grammar


形容詞 [けいようし] = Adjectives


~・ [~・] = Advanced Topics


~・ [~・] = Basic Grammatical Structures


~・ [~・] = Compound Sentences


~・ [~・] = Conditional Expressions


~・ [~・] = Subordinate Clauses


~・ [~・] = Desire and Suggestions


~・ [~・] = Grammar you must know


~・ [~・] = Expressing various degrees of amounts


~・ [~・] = Things that must be done (or not)


~・ [~・] = Declaring something is so and so using 「だ」


~・ [~・] = Expressing the minimum expectation


~・ [~・] = Expressing time-specific actions


~・ [~・] = Expressing various levels of certainty (かもしれない、でしょう、だろう)


~・ [~・] = Formal Expressions (である、ではない)


授受 [じゅじゅ] = Giving and Receiving (あげる、やる、くれる、もらう)


ひらがな [~・] = Hiragana is the basic Japanese phonetic alphabet.


~・ [~・] = Honorific and Humble Forms


~・ [~・] = Hypothesizing and Concluding (わけ、~とする)


~・ [~・] = An introduction to Tae Kim's guide to Japanese grammar


~・ [~・] = Introduction to Particles (は、も、が)


~・ [~・] = Leaving something the way it is (まま、っぱなし)


~・ [~・] = More negative verbs (ないで、ず、~ん、ぬ)


~・ [~・] = Negative Verbs


~・ [~・] = Noun-related Particles (と、や、とか、の)


~・ [~・] = Numbers and Counting


~・ [~・] = Other uses of the te-form (~ている、~てある、~ておく、~ていく、~てくる)


~・ [~・] = Particles used with verbs (を、に、へ、で)


~・ [~・] = Past Tense


~・ [~・] = Performing an action on a subordinate clause (と、って)


~・ [~・] = Polite Form and Verb Stems (~です、~ます)


~・ [~・] = Potential Form


~・ [~・] = The Question Marker (か)


~・ [~・] = Saying something is easy or difficult to do (~やすい、~にくい)


~・ [~・] = Special Expressions


~・ [~・] = Special expressions with generic nouns (こと、ところ、もの)


~・ [~・] = Things that happen unintentionally (~てしまう、~ちゃう/~じゃう)


~・ [~・] = Transitive and Intransitive Verbs


~・ [~・] = Trying something out or attempting to do something (~てみる、volitional+とする)


~・ [~・] = Using Adverbs and Gobi


~・ [~・] = Using する and なる with the に particle (~[のよう]になる/する)


~・ [~・] = Using 方 and よる for comparisons and other functions (より、の方、stem+方、によって、によると)


~・ [~・] = Various ways to express similarity and hearsay (よう、~みたい、~そう、~そうだ、~らしい、~っぽい)


~・ [~・] = Verb Basics


~・ [~・] = Wrapping up section 4 and more gobi


[] = The Japanese Writing System


カタカナ [~・] = -


ごくりゅうは [ごくりゅうは] = Hell's Dragon


ひゃ気 [ひゃ気] = Evil Energy


さや [さや] = Sheath


できるだけ [できるだけ] = as soon

early as possible


に等しい [にひとしい] = equivalent to


なんとなく [なんとなく] = Vaguely, somehow


どことなく [どことなく] = Vaguely; in some manner


どちらかといえば [どちらかといえば] = If I had my druthers


少しも~ない [少しも~ない] = not at all


新規サイトコメントを教えて! [~・] = -


~反面 [~はんめん] = on the other hand


予定 [よてい] = be planning to do~


積もり [つもり] = One's intention; conviction; belief


でなくては [でなくては] = if not.. then noone


ばかり [ばかり] = just (just recently)


それで [それで] = and then, after that; Due to that


それっきり [それっきり] = Since, since then


其れが [それが] = Despite that


のことだから [のことだから] = as usual for


めく [めく] = like

ish


~をおいて [~をおいて] = apart from

leaving aside


をもって [をもって] = based on


~なのに [~なのに] = for (contrasting)


だからこそ [だからこそ] = (just) because of


の極み [のきわみ] = the utmost


~ともなく [~ともなく] = Without really planning to, ~


ひとつとっても [ひとつとっても] = One example being, for example


は言うまでもなく [はいうまでもなく] = goes without saying

not to mention


~し [~し] = and


馬鹿 [ばか] = stupid person


であろう [であろう] = I guess, wonder, probably, isn't it?


bakari [ばかり] = have just done something; have just finished doing something'


あの [あの] = that


ようになる [ようになる] = Indicates a change which has taken place or will take place.


youninaru [ようになる] = indicates a change which has taken place or will take place


到底 [とうてい] = (can't) possibly

very much


~(で)すら [~(で)すら] = just

even if


比べものにならない [くらべものにならない] = there is no point comparing....


きっかけ [きっかけ] = trigger


攻めに [ぜめに] = Overwhelmingly


ごとき・ごとく [ごとき・ごとく] = Like, As if


始末だ [しまつだ] = Unfortunately, (it has become ~)


~尽くめ [~ずくめ] = Full of

A lot of


たりとも [たりとも] = Even only

Even merely 
Even just


~っぱなし [~っぱなし] = Keep ~ing

To leave ~


ってば [ってば] = emphasize speakers emotion

desire

will


~中に、~上に、~下に、など [~なかに、~うえに、~したに、など] = Talking about relative location of an object


や否や [やいなや] = As soon as, had hardly... when


せねばならない [せねばならない] = Have to, feel obliged to


ましてや [ましてや] = Let alone, still, much less


染まる [そまる] = to dye


意向形と思う [(しよう)とおもう] = I think I will (do)


ものを [ものを] = But...!

But If (you) had just... 
But (I) could have...


をよそに [をよそに] = Without consideration for...

Despite... 
Without thinking...


なり [なり] = As soon as


まるで [まるで] = completely, entirely


た形ところで [たところで] = even if you do... it will not result to..


さながら [さながら] = Just like


っぽい [っぽい] = -like


da = desu [da

desu] 

is, am, are


desu [desu] = is, am, are


大きい [おおきい] = using adjectives


い形容詞変化 [いけいようしへんか] = How to conjugate regular adjectives ending in "i".


akarui [akarui] = bright


すぎる [すぎる] = too; too much; excessively


~たい [~たい] = I want to (verb)


~なぁ [~なぁ] = Emphasizes personal desires


ような気がする [ようなきがする] = It's like it could be...


~からこそ [~からこそ] = especially because (non-intuitive nuance)


きらいがある [きらいがある] = there is a tendency for ~ to happen (and it is somewhat bad and

or a cause for concern)


漢字写真 [かんじしゃしん] = a tool to look up photos based on kanji


~そびれる [~そびれる] = Fail to ~


なり [なり] = expresses continuing state


もさることながら [もさることながら] = is (such) but (____) is also


~こなす [~こなす] = have the knack to deal with something; completely


たものだ [たものだ] = used to


ならいざ知らず [ならいざしらず] = I'm not sure if it is [possible

so] but...


に違いない [にちがいない] = no mistake...definitely


ようもない [ようもない] = there's no way


ならともかく [ならともかく] = I'm not sure if it is [possible

so] but...


わけには いかない [わけには いかない] = cannot; have no other choice but


わけがない、わけはない [わけがない、わけはない] = There is no reason (as to) why ~; It is impossible (for) ~; cannot


まさかの~ [まさかの~] = If unexpectedly there is anything , ~


まして~はずがない [まして~はずがない] = it is even more unlikely that ~


て見る [てみる] = to try


~てはいられない・~てばかりはいられない [~てはいられない・~てばかりはいられない] = can't

can't afford ~(doing something)


ずに [ずに] = without


~もの [~もの] = because, should, like to


せいにする [せいにする] = Put blame on


~ようとする [~ようとする] = Try to do something, but the nuance is that it was unsuccessful.


~からして [~からして] = starting from


ひらがな Practice Exercises [~・] = ひらがな Practice Exercises-


カタカナ Practice Exercises [~・] = カタカナ Practice Exercises


State-of-Being Practice Exercises [~・] = State-of-Being Practice Exercises


「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises [~・] = 「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises


Adjective Practice Exercises [~・] = Adjective Practice Exercises


Things that should be a certain way [(はず、べき、べく、べからず)] = Things that should be a certain way (はず、べき、べく、べからず)


Showing signs of something [~がる、ばかり、~めく] = Showing signs of something (~がる、ばかり、~めく)


Expressions of non-feasibility [~ざるを得ない、やむを得ない、~かねる] = Formal expressions of non-feasibility (~ざるを得ない、やむを得ない、~かねる)


Tendencies [~がち、~つつ、きらいがある] = Tendencies (~がち、~つつ、きらいがある)


Advanced Volitional [まい、であろう、かろう] = Advanced Volitional (まい、であろう、かろう)


Covered by something [だらけ、まみれ、ずくめ] = Covered by something (だらけ、まみれ、ずくめ)


Advanced proximity of actions [が早いか、や否や、そばから] = Advanced proximity of actions (が早いか、や否や、そばから)


Some Other Grammar [思いきや、がてら、あげく] = Some Other Grammar (思いきや、がてら、あげく)


Casual Patterns and Slang [~・] = Casual Patterns and Slang


Kansai Dialect [~・] = Kansai Dialect


Various Conjugation Charts [~・] = Various Conjugation Charts


せいで [せいで] = because of, due to (indicates only negative meaning)


に関して [にかんして] = concerning; with regard to; about; on


今では [いまでは] = "(by) now"; "nowadays"


やっと [やっと] = finally


もとい [もとい] = is wrong, rather


~でたまらない・~てたまらない [~でたまらない・~てたまらない] = so...that one can`t stand it


なくちゃ [なくちゃ] = Must;Have to


たまらない [たまらない] = Unbearably


~をぬきにして・はぬきにして [~をぬきにして・はぬきにして] = without


よりもさらに [よりもさらに] = more than that; more than


のに [のに] = wish


~やら~やら [~やら~やら] = particle denoting uncertainty or a listing used for both words and clauses


くらい、ぐらい [くらい、ぐらい] = to the extent that; so ~ that ~ almost ~; at least; the only ~; rather than ~


呉れる [くれる] = to give, to do for someone, to be given (honorific)


として [として] = try to


と伝えていただけませんか [につたえていたでけませんか] = Politely asking someone to convey a message.


漢英字典 [かんえいじてん] = A flash kanji dictionary tool


文法クイズ [ぶんぽうクイズ] = Flash Grammar Quiz


というものではない; というものでもない [というものではない; というものでもない] = Doesn't mean that; It's not (true) that; Not necessarily


まだしも [まだしも] = would be much better, would be acceptable


お茶を濁す [おちゃをにごす] = to avoid giving a direct answer


とか [とか] = It seems that; I heard that


など; なんか; なんて [など; なんか; なんて] = and so on; and the like; for example; things like ~


不調法 or 無調法 [ぶちょうほう] = A rudeness or blunder, carelessness


居られない [いられない] = cannot exist, not possible, can't afford to


やむをえない [やむをえない] = no other way to do something しかたがない


といったら [といったら] = Express admiration

horror; eg, how +adjective, so+adjective


隙に [すきに] = While ~ To take advantage of a moment of time to do something (there is an element of cunning in its meaning)


様を見ろ、いい気味だよ、ほら! [さまをみろ、いいきみだよ、ほら] = I told you so, Serves you right, See!


唯でさえ [ただでさえ] = To add to, something alone is normally enough


依頼 [いらい] = Request or commission


進行形の動詞+中で [しんこうけいのどうし+なかで] = Out of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc


進行形の動詞+中で [しんこうけいのどうし+なかで] = Out of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc


と同時に [とどうじに] = and at the same time


~に越したことは無いが [~にこしたことはないが] = Normally Its better to (You can never have too much)


ないで [ないで] = without


ほどだ; ほどの [ほどだ; ほどの] = almost

nearly; to the point of; like that; such as that


まま [まま] = as it is, leave as it is, (remain) unchanged


なぜなら [なぜなら] = because: a reason for or to do (x).


未だ [いまだ] = yet

as yet 
so far
not yet


ことがある [ことがある] = There are times when


出す、出して、出した [だす、だして、だした] = to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve,


あまり [あまり] = not really


にしろ、にせよ [にしろ、にせよ] = It doesn't matter which; It doesn't matter whether.


ことにする [ことにする] = Decide to do something


あまりの~に [あまりの~に] = Due to a condition

state being in excess, a result occurs.


とっさに [とっさに] = To reflexively react; an unconscious movement.


積もりだった [つもりだった] = I had the intention to do (but I didn't)


ながい [ながい] = long


安らか [やすらか] = peaceful, restful


た形 積もりで [たつもりで] = instead of (hypothetical action)


とはいえ [とはいえ] = However (the truth is in fact different)


それに [それに] = moreover, and what's more


ないばかりか [ないばかりか] = Not only


気になる [きになる] = worried about


つれて、につれ [つれて、につれ] = more....more


~を限りに [をかぎりに] = with ~, some continuing activity will end (or a prohibition on an activity will start)


たとたん [たとたん] = See [とたん(に)]


によれば [によれば] = According to


一息 [ひといき] = a short period of time


やすい [やすい] = easy to V


日本語の手紙の書き方 [にほんごのてがみのかきかた] = Grammar points for writing in Japanese


こととて [こととて] = because

since - explains the cause or gives a reason for


とても~ない [とても~ない] = Can`t possibly


~かたわら [~かたわら] = not only, ...also (This expression is only used in writing)


より [より] = from


~放題 [~ほうだい] = As you like


あっという間 [あっというま] = Time Flies


かけると [かけると] = when it comes? (


たまらない [たまらない] = (1) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable, (2) cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do, (3) tremendous, out of this world, irresistible.


あまり~(動詞)~ない [あまり~ ~ない] = Not really


わざとらしい [わざとらしい] = fake, pretending


そのままの言葉 [そのままのことば] = Set expressions or phrases


とは限りません [とはかぎりません] = it's not necessarily the case that, it does not mean that


余り [あまり] = not much, , too much


て形は行けない [てはいけない] = you shouldn't, one should not


stem + 出す [Stem + だす] = Begin to ~


掛ける 2 [かける 2] = AT~; TO~


掛かる [かかる] = BEGIN TO~;BE ABOUT TO DO~;ALMOST DO~


掛かる 2 [かかる 2] = AT~; ON~


ぼんやり [ぼんやり] = absent-minded(ly); blank(ly)


次第に [しだいに] = Gradually, little by little


までもない [までもない] = No need to


~旨 [むね] = concerning ... , regarding ... , that ...


~おうとすると [~おうとすると] = A voluntary action stopped just before being completed


~en [~en] = em


なくてもすむ [なくてもすむ] = Don't have to ~ (and are happy because of it)


だからといって [だからといって] = However..

It doesn't follow that ...
But it doesn't mean that..


と同様 [とどうよう] = the same way as


~をめぐって [~をめぐって] = surrounding, concerning, about [

focusing on 
in connection with]


はっちゃける [はっちゃける] = To party, unwind and have a good time in order to forget stresses and problems


ときたら [ときたら] = when it comes to~ (neg. sense)


を通して [をとおして] = through, by use of, by means of


~てこそ [~てこそ] = not until, only after


~ひいては [~ひいては] = which in turn


並みに [なみに] = As...as, to the same degree as


にかけては [にかけては] = regarding, about, concerning


に先立って [にさきだって] = before; preceeding; prior to


~直す [~なおす] = to do something again, hoping to improve it


~ぶり [~ぶり] = first time in ~

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